Thai jewellery art dating from the prehistoric time to Rattanakosin era has been created for human beings. But it is not created for the sole purpose of displaying exquisite craftsmanship or to be used for decoration. Based on archeological and anthropological evidence, it can be believed that jewelry was one of the earliest ways men used to represent their beauty and to build their relationship with society and the environment. Most important is the goal of jewelry, which is to honor the sacred nature spirits and self by using the “body” to drive “internal context.” This article is designed to provide ideas supported by principles and to talk about the key processes to the understanding of the art of jewellery. It is intended for the ascendants to be able to restore the this art form’s declining importance to its glory. The history of Thai jewellery art has started 50,000-1,700 years ago. Jewelry and necklaces made of bones and shells can be found in graves of both men and women. As for the reason why jewellery is often buried with the dead Cultural anthropologists say that people in those days believed that death was a form of life continuity like Brahman (a religion that was founded following Buddhism) who believes that the souls of dead people will be reborn. Jewellery is then supposed to follow the ones who died to assist them in the next life.
The human race does not just try to understand their environment by changing it, but they also analyze the traits of communities and individuals. This is evident from spaces systematically arranged for society until people can beat the nature’s chaos. In a study on an progress of civilisation the idea is revealed as a form of belief. People blend with their traditions that are instilled in each person until “customs” are formed. Jewellery or mysterious objects thus become a symbol for this combined worship. It’s because it’s closest to men’s bodies and is the best way to express human behavior. Although men constantly reorganize and Jewellery Jobs alter their customs and customs, the faith in objects’ power persists. This is evident from their ability to continue to make supernatural objects to serve as a symbol of worship of the souls and the spirit of life. The boundaries of the belief are limited by religious rituals which are accompanied by cultural items, jewellery. The beliefs are preserved in the form of folktales as well as pictures representing relationships between men, nature, power and even the entire world. The importance of this belief is a requirement for individuals to pick the option that best fits the situation, such as material, shapes and colors, or symbols.
However, the ritual can’t be complete without “body.” This is because our bodies are the main site where the ritual takes place and the jewellery touches. At the same time, the body brings out an internal meaning of the jewellery to complete this worship for purity of the souls. As a form of worship the superstitious items of prehistoric man provide the foundation for the belief that communication is prior to verbal and reflected through language pictures and forms. Cultural objects represent beauty through structures, timing or eternality in symbolism. These symbols are connected to stories. Jewellery is the result of men’s intention to worship the sacred spirits with all their hearts.
Jewellery is made, from prehistory until today with four main goals that are to acknowledge status, to display moral support, and to honor the sacred rituals of life and to appreciate the beauty of the aesthetic and philosophical. Analyzing the results of these aspects will bring together images or forms of that legacy left by the exquisiteness of Thai wisdom.
1. Jewellery as a way to show respect to statusBecause Thai Buddhism culture is influenced by Brahman and Hindu, abstract beliefs are combined into attitudes. It is expressed through the faith of “ideal states,” states beyond the acknowledgment of the 5 senses. This state has the power to change the world, individuals or objects. Thai Buddhism culture pays attention to the status of those who possess individuality created by surreal power. Therefore, jewellery is a means of worshipping these different states. People adopt this idea as they build social status and status. This is to serve the purpose of communications and ruling, especially for the idea that gods are divine.
2. Jewelry as a way to offer moral assistance
This tool for expression has been used for a long time and continues to serve its purpose. The jewellery is now not just there to an indicator of status, but also full of inner power and force. The images and beliefs of the jewellery bring superstitious power into itself. This kind of jewellery isn’t as expressive like the first. It has its own distinct place. It is because the wearer wants to hide the power of the jewelry and make the moral support personal. Jewelry for moral support can have a psychological effects on 3 dimensions;
o Superstitious beliefs
3. Jewelley as a way to honor the rituals of life
If we look at life’s cycle: be born, get old, fall ill and die, we will find that jewellery is one of the things that encompass values, cultural contexts and stories. Images and the spirit of jewellery , thus, reflect each part of the human experience and timing.This sort of jewelry is intended to commemorate the relationships of people. It acts as a mean to reflect the tales of life and the psychological aspects. It lets the wearer experience the importance of mind, body and the surrounding environment as integral to one another and also to be able to appreciate the importance of traditions. It also represents physical elements that are part of “publicity” which strengthen the uniting of the group.
4. Jewellery as a symbol of the beauty of philosophy as well as aesthetics
What is different about this kind of jewellery is the fact that men are beginning to consider jewellery as a work of art and/or design. The influence of jewellery as a source of moral support is fading. Using jewellery as a way to express oneself is playing an increasingly vital function. Jewellery can be compared to an aesthetic or philosophical medium. Importance of skilled craftsmanship and attention on materials selection thus will increase. The creation of this type of jewellery is distinct and exceptional from the prehistoric era to today.This type of jewelry reflects the some of the most obscure artistic elements and design theories, composition philosophical concepts. Sometimes, it transcends the norm of traditional practices. Jewellery acts as a heart or an imagination that expresses our emotions. It could alter our thoughts, emotions, and feelings. It also contains history and stories. Every person has their own poems and stories. He keeps these to himself until he finds the means to communicate them through jewelry. But jewelry requires special skills and materials in order to express the ideas and thoughts of the wearer.
As we have mentioned in the introduction that using jewelry as a means of worship cannot be effective without its relationship to a body. This is due to the fact that the body is the primary point where the jewelry touches and also the first sensual gateway; sounds, sights, smells, tastes, the mind and body. The body is what alters the within the inner context of the jewellery and exposes it. Moving while wearing the jewellery could alter the significance of it, even before it can be perceived or understood, and then fully expressed its essence.There were delicate practices with regards to body and spaces between the body and the jewellery from prehistoric period until Rattanakosin era. There are four aspects that need to be noted.
o It is believed that there is an ethereal soul in the body, worthy of reverence and worshipping.
Physical beauty: There’s parts and spaces within or between human bodies that should be honored with decorations. This can include establishing an idealized beauty.
The body’s flaws must be covered or concealed.
It is a thing to carry and remind or to recall the essential aspects of worship.
Men can appreciate the inner significance of jewellery when they contemplate the results of their interactions with the jewelry in the proper time and the right place. If the idea of the beauty of placing jewelry on the body doesn’t manifest on the body individuals are not able to experience this “rite of interaction” through any sense. This is due to the fact that every component of the jewelry is made in accordance with its own internal surroundings, and is designed with an eye to be able to feel, interpret and communicate what they feel or see in the form of observing its meaning with the senses. They also prepare to worship the souls.